Đề luyện thi kỳ thi tốt nghiệp THPT Tiếng Anh 12 Sách Mới - Năm học 2022-2023 - Mã đề số 1 - Trần Đình Thân

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  1. ĐỀ LUYỆN THI KÌ THI TRUNG HỌC PHỔ THÔNG QUỐC GIA NĂM 2023 Môn: TIẾNG ANH Thời gian làm bài: 60 phút, không kể thời gian phát đề ĐỀ LUYỆN THI SỐ 1 (Đề thi có 50 câu / 3 trang) SECTION A (8 points): Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from that of the rest in each of the following questions. Question 1: A. wicked B. watched C. stopped D. cooked Question 2: A. head B. bread C. clean D. lead Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of primary stress in each of the following questions. Question 3: A. familiarB. impatient C. uncertain D. arrogant Question 4: a. believe b. marriage c. response d. maintain Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions. Question 5: Have a piece of chocolate, ? A. do you B. would you C. don't you D. haven't you Question 6: We are made ___ all the cleaning in the house. A. to do B. do C. doing D. done Question 7: I am worried ___ taking my final exam. A. that B. of C. to D. about Question 8: Ms. Jones isn’t as nice ___ Ms. Smith. A. as B. for C. like D. to Question 9: It is predicted that ___ computing technology will increase in value at ___ same time it will decrease in cost. a. Ø / the b. a / the c. the / a d. a / Ø Question 10: Since we came here, we ___ a lot of acquaintances. A. have had B. had C. have D. are having Question 11: One is never too old___ a. to learn b. learning c. learn d. to have learned Question 12: By the time you come here tomorrow, the work ___. A. will have been finishing B. will be finishing C. will have been finishedD. will be finished Question 13: The boys ___ tennis over there are my new neighbor. A. who plays B. playing C. that playing D. are playing Question 14: There is too much in this world. A. greediness B. greed C. greedy D. greedness Question 15: Everybody in the house woke up when the burglar alarm . A. went out B. went off C. came about D. rang off Question 16: UNICEF supports and funds for the most disadvantaged children all over the world. A. presents B. assists C. provides D. offers Question 17: "Excuse me. Where is the office of OXFAM located?" A. leading B. head C. central D. summit Question 18: are the formal rules of correct or polite behavior among people using the Internet. A. Traffic rules B. Family rules C. Codes of etiquettes D. Codes of netiquettes Question 19: He would win the race if he his brother's example and trained harder. A. repeated B. set C. answered D. followed Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions. Question 22: Such problems as haste and inexperience are a universal feature of youth. A. marked B. separated C. shared D. hidden Question 23: We have lived there for years and grown fond of the surroundings. That is why we do not want to leave. A. loved the surroundings B. planted many trees in the surroundings C. possessed by the surroundings D. haunted by the surroundings Mark the letter A, B C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions. Question 24: He is a typical optimist, always looking on the bright side of everything. A. pessimist B. introvert C. extrovert D. activist Question 25: When I was going shopping yesterday, I accidentally met one of my old friends in high school. A. by far B. by heart C. by chance D. on purpose Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best completes each of the following exchanges. Question 5: - "That's a very nice skirt you're wearing." - “ ___ ” A. How a compliment! B. That's all right. C. It's nice of you to say so. D. I like you said so. Question 6: - " " - "Yes, of course. " A. You won't help me this time. B. You'd better give me one hand. C. I don't think I'll need your help. D. Could you give me a hand? Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer for each of the blanks from 30 to 39. 1 trần đình thân ___ ĐỀ LUYỆN THI THPT QUỐC GIA ___ đề số 1
  2. The universal symbol of the Internet era communications, the @ sign used in e-mail addresses to signify the word 'at', is (23) a 500-year-old invention of Italian merchants, a Rome academic has revealed. Giorgio Stabile, a science professor at La Sapienza University, claims to have stumbled on the earliest known example of the symbol's use, as a(n) (24) of a measure of weight or volume. He says the sign represents an amphora, a measure of capacity based on the terracotta jars used to transport grain and liquid in the ancient Mediterranean world. The professor unearthed toe ancient symbol in the course of research for a visual history of the 20th century, to be published by the Treccani Encyclopedia. The first (25) instance of its use, he says, occurred in a letter written by a Florentine merchant on May 4, 1536. He says the sign made its way along trade routes to northern Europe, where it came to represent 'at the price of’, its contemporary accountancy meaning. Professor Stabile believes that Italian banks may possess even earlier documents (26) the symbol lying forgotten in their archives. The oldest example could be of great value. It could be used (27) publicity purposes and to enhance the prestige of the institution that owned it, he says. The race is on between the mercantile world and the banking world to see who has the oldest documentation of @. Question 26: A. actually B. truly C. essentially D. accurately Question 27: A. proof B. sign C. evidence D. indication Question 28: A. known B. knowing C. knowable D. knowledgeable Question 29: A. taking B. carrying C. delivering D. bearing Question 30: A. on B. for C. with D. by Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 40 to 49. A rather surprising geographical feature of Antarctica is that a huge freshwater lake, one of the world's largest and deepest, lies hidden there under four kilometers of ice. Now known as Lake Vostok, this huge body of water is located under the ice block that comprises Antarctica. The lake is able to exist in its unfrozen state beneath this block of ice because its waters are warmed by geothermal heat from the earth's core. The thick glacier above Lake Vostok actually insulates it from the frigid temperatures on the surface. The lake was first discovered in the 1970s while a research team was conducting an aerial survey of the area. Radio waves from the survey equipment penetrated the ice and revealed a body of water of indeterminate size. It was not until much more recently that data collected by satellite made scientists aware of the tremendous size of the lake; the satellite-borne radar detected an extremely flat region where the ice remains level because it is floating on the water of the lake. The discovery of such a huge freshwater lake trapped under Antarctica is of interest to the scientific community because of the potential that the lake contains ancient microbes that have survived for thousands upon thousands of years, unaffected by factors such as nuclear fallout and elevated ultraviolet light that have affected organisms in more exposed areas. The downside of the discovery, however, lies in the difficulty of conducting research on the lake in such a harsh climate and in the problems associated with obtaining uncontaminated samples from the lake without actually exposing the lake to contamination. Scientists are looking for possible ways to accomplish this. Question 31: What is true of Lake Vostok? A. It is completely frozen. B. It is a saltwater lake. C. It is beneath a thick slab of ice. D. It is heated by the sun. Question 32: All of the following are true about the 1970 survey of Antarctica EXCEPT that it .A. was conducted by air B. made use of radio waves C. could not determine the lake's exact size D. was controlled by a satellite Question 33: It can be inferred from the passage that the ice would not be flat if . A. there were no lake underneath B. the lake were not so big C. Antarctica were not so cold D. radio waves were not used Question 34: Lake Vostok is potentially important to scientists because it__A. can be studied using radio waves B. may contain uncontaminated microbes C. may have elevated levels of ultraviolet light D. has already been contaminated Question 35: The last paragraph suggests that scientists should be aware of__A/ further discoveries on the surface of Antarctica B/ problems with satellite-borne radar equipment C/ ways to study Lake Vostok without contaminating it D/ the harsh climate of Antarctica Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 50 to 59. Perhaps the most striking quality of satiric literature is its freshness and its originality of perspective. Satire itself, however, rarely offers original ideas. Instead, it presents the familiar in a new form. Satirists do not offer the world new philosophies. What they do is look at familiar conditions from a perspective that makes these conditions seem foolish, harmful, or affected. Satire jars us out of complacence into a pleasantly shocked realization that many of the values we unquestioningly accept are false. Don Quixote makes chivalry seem absurd; Brave New World ridicules the pretensions of science; A Modest Proposal dramatizes starvation by advocating cannibalism. None of these ideas is original. Chivalry was suspect before Cervantes, humanists objected to the claims of pure science before Aldous Huxley, and people were aware of famine before Swift. It was not the originality of the idea that made these satires popular. It was the manner of expression, the satiric method, that made them interesting and entertaining. Satires are read because they are aesthetically satisfying works of art, not because they are morally wholesome or ethically instructive. They are stimulating and refreshing because with 2 trần đình thân ___ ĐỀ LUYỆN THI THPT QUỐC GIA ___ đề số 1
  3. commonsense briskness they brush away illusions and secondhand opinions. With spontaneous irreverence, satire rearranges perspectives, scrambles familiar objects into incongruous juxtaposition, and speaks in a personal idiom instead of abstract platitude. Satire exists because there is need for it. It has lived because readers appreciate a refreshing stimulus, an irreverent reminder that they live in a world of platitudinous thinking, cheap moralizing, and foolish philosophy. Satire serves to prod people into an awareness of truth, though rarely to any action on behalf of truth. Satire tends to remind people that much of what they see, hear, and read in popular media is sanctimonious, sentimental, and only partially true. Life resembles in only a slight degree the popular image of it. Question 36: What does the passage mainly discuss? A. Difficulties of writing satiric literature. B. Popular topics of satire. C. New philosophies emerging from satiric literature. D. Reasons for the popularity of satire. Question 37: Don Quixote, Brave New World, and A Modest Proposal are cited by the author as . A. classic satiric works B. a typical approach to satire C. best satirists of all times D. good critiques by satirists Question 38: What satires fascinates readers is how . A. ideas are expressed B. ideas are organized C. realistic they are D. plots are created Question 39: Which of the following can be found in satiric literature? A. Newly emerging philosophies. B. Odd combinations of objects and ideas. C. Abstract discussion of morals and ethics. D. Wholesome characters who are unselfish. Question 40: According to the passage, there is a need for satire because people need to be . A/informed about new scientific developments B/ exposed to original philosophies when they are formulated C/ reminded that popular ideas may often be inaccurate D/ told how they can be of service to their communities Question 41: The word "refreshing" in the last paragraph is closest in meaning to . A. popular B. revitalizing C. common D. awakening Question 42: The various purposes of satire include all of the following EXCEPT . A. introducing readers to unfamiliar situations B. brushing away illusions C. reminding readers of the truth D. exposing false values Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to show the underlined, part that needs correction. Question 43. After graduating from Columbia in 2003, he becomes a scholar, travelling to Oxford. A. graduating B. becomes C. scholar D. travelling Question 44. Jellyfish are not harmless since its sting can cause a serious allergic reaction in some people. A. harmless B. its C. cause D. allergic Question 45. Some people believe animal behaviour could offer a viable alternative means of earthquake detective. A. behaviour B. viable C. means D. detective Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions. Question 46: You don’t try to work hard. You will fail in the exam. A/ Unless you don’t try to work hard, you will fail in the exam. B/ Unless you try to work hard, you won’t fail in the exam. C/ if you tried to work hard, you wouldn’t fail in the exam. D/ Unless do you try to work hard, you will fail in the exam. Question 47: I write to her almost every day. A. Not a day goes by unless my writing to her. B. Hardly does a day go by without my writing to her. C. No day go by without my writing to her. D. Almost every day goes by without my writing for her. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questionsor indicate the correct answer to each of them. Question 48: I really believe my letter came as a great surprise to John. A.John might be very surprised to receive my letter. B.John might have been very surprised to receive my letter. C.John must be very surprised to receive my letter. D.John must have been very surprised to receive my letter. Question 49: “Why don’t we go out for dinner tonight?” said Jim. A.Jim suggested going out for dinner that night. B.Jim refused to go out for dinner that night. C.Jim denied going out for dinner that night. D.Jim promised to go out for dinner that night. Câu 50: The last time I saw Rose was three years ago. A. I hasn’t seen Rose for three years. B. I haven’t seen Rose three years ago. C. I haven’t seen Rose since three years. D. I haven’t seen Rose for three years. 3 trần đình thân ___ ĐỀ LUYỆN THI THPT QUỐC GIA ___ đề số 1
  4. SELF-STUDY: Mỗi ngày các em cố gắng học tập một số từ vựng sau: Collocation & Idiom: - Head office: trụ sở chính của một công ty, tổ chức. - By chance = Accidentally: Vô tình > <Pessimist (n): người bi quan - Introvert (n): người hướng nội - Extrovert (n): người hướng ngoại - Activist (n): nhà hoạt động xã hội, chính trị - Microbe(n): vi trùng, vi khuẩn - Satiric(a): châm biếm - Universal/ˌjuːnɪˈvɜːsl/(a): chung, phổ thông, phổ biến - revitalize (v): đem lại sức sống mới - awaken (v): thức tỉnh - exaggerated (a) : phóng đại - educational (a) có giáo dục - moderate (a): khiêm tốn - Sanctimonious (a): phô trương. - deliver (v): phân phối, bày tỏ - bear (v): chứa đựng, mang dấu vết - detective (n): thám tử - detection (n): sự phát hiện, sự khám phá • Phrasal verb: - go out: đi ra ngoài, đi chơi - go off: (chuông) reo - come about: xảy ra - ring off: kết thúc 1 cuộc gọi điện thoại. Ex: Dave RANG OFF guiltily when he saw his boss coming. Dave kết thúc cuộc điện thoại một cách giấu diếm khi anh ấy nhìn thấy sếp đến. 4 trần đình thân ___ ĐỀ LUYỆN THI THPT QUỐC GIA ___ đề số 1