Đề ôn thi THPT quốc gia năm 2021, số 16 - Môn: Anh

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  1. ĐỀ ÔN THI THPT QUỐC GIA NĂM 2021 – Số 16 Thời gian làm bài: 60 phút Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from that of the others. Question 1: A.pursuesB.attacksC.absorbsD.maintains Question 2: A. hate B.hallC. gateD. take Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word which is stressed differently from the rest. Question 3: A. allow B.followC. require D.expect Question 4: A.inventionB. quality C. teenager D. industry Question 5: Mark the letter A, B, C or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions. Question 6: They are from France, ___? A. don’t they B. didn’t theyC.weren’t they D. aren’t they Question 7: The roads to our village ___ next year A.builtB.will bebuiltC.willbuildD.is built Question 8: You will need to be thoroughly familiar ___ our procedures. A. for B. withC. by D. to Question 9: ___ the content of carbon dioxide in the air is, the more heat it retains A.HigherB.The higherC.HottestD.The hottest Question 10: John lost the ___ bicycle he bought last week and his parents were very angry with him A. beautiful Japanese blue newB. beautiful new blue Japanese C. new beautiful blue Japanese D. Japanese beautiful new blue Question 11: Richard ___ TV when the phone rang. A.was watching B. is watching C. watched D. watches Question 12: We didn’t go to the zoo yesterday ___ the heavy rain. A. because ofB. in spite of C.although D. because Question 13: I will have studied English for 10 years ___ A.when I graduated from high schoolB.as soon as I graduated from high school C.by the time I graduate from high schoolD.after I had graduated from high school Question 14: ___ trees around the house on the south and west sides, they can save up to about $250 a year on cooling and heating. A. Having plantedB. Being planted C. To plant D.Planted Question 15: Higher education provides students with knowledge, critical thinking and ___ skills. A. analyseB.analyticalC.analyticallyD.analysis Question 16: Those flowers are___ every where is a sign of spring. A. going overB. taking over C. coming outD. breaking out Question 17: Foreign students who are ___a decision about which school to attend may not know exactly where the choices are located A. doingB. makingC. takingD. having Question 18: The ___ of toothpaste are located in the health and beauty section of the supermarket. A. tubesB. pints C. sticksD. quarts Question 19: Our new classmate, John is a bit of a rough ___ but I think I’m going to like him once I get used to him. A. stone B. rock C. diamondD. pearl Question 20: They closed the road in a(n) ___ to reduce traffic in the city. A.needB.attemptC.impactD.demand Mark the letter A, B, C or D to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions. Question 21: President Ho Chi Minh’s Mausoleum was built in September 1973 and completed in August 1975 A. tombB. castle C.buildingD.house Question 22: She was brought up in a well-off family. She can’t understand the problems we are facing. A. wealthyB. kindC. broke D. comfortable 1
  2. Mark the letter A, B, C or D to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions. Question 23: He was charged with speeding and driving recklessly. He caused an accident on the highway A. cautiouslyB. slowlyC. carelesslyD. quickly Question 24: John's decision to drop out of university to go to a vocational school drove his mother up the wall. She thought that it is really a stupid decision. A. made his mother pleasedB.made his mother angry C.made his mother worried D.made his mother ashamed Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the option that best completes each of the following exchanges. Question 25: Yuki and Hana are having a free afternoon. Yuki is inviting Hana to see a new movie with him. - Yuki: “Do you feel like going to the cinema this afternoon?” - Hana: “___” A. I don't agree. I'm afraid.C. I feel very bored. B. You're welcome.D. That would be great. Question 26: Laura and John are talking about swimming. - Laura: “I think swimming helps us keep fit.” - John: “___. It is also a good way to relax.” A. Yes, swimming does, tooC. You must be kidding B. You’re very kind to say soD. There’s no doubt about it Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks Having a relationship with someone is important to people around the world; (26) ___, dating is different from culture to culture. Here are some examples. Group dating is popular among young people in Europe and Australia. Groups as large as 30 people take part in events, such as going camping or having a party. This is seen as a (27) ___ way to spend time together, and to help to (28) ___ tension because people feel more comfortable in the company of friends before deciding whether to go on a one- to-one date. In Singapore, since many young people stay single, the government has tried its best to encourage dating. Dating services are offered to single people. One of them is speed dating, in (29) ___ singles will spend a few minutes talking to one person before moving on to meet the next one. Online dating is a common way of matchmaking in the United States. Internet companies are now offering a service called ‘online dating assistant’ to help busy people to find a partner. An assistant helps customers to build their profiles, selects potential matches, and then sends (30) ___ emails to the possible matches until the two people agree to meet face to face. Question 27: A. although B. and C. however D. despite Question 28: A. safe B. savings C. safely D. save Question 29: A. deteriorate B. ease C. refrain D. escape Question 30: A. when B. that C. which D. whom Question 31: A.everyB.anotherC.eachD.several Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions The first device that technically qualifies as a smartphone was simply a highly sophisticated (for its time) brick phone. You know one of those bulky, but fairly exclusive status-symbol toys flashed in '80s movies like "Wall Street?" The IBM Simon Personal Communicator, released in 1994, was a sleeker, more advanced, and premium brick that sold for $1,100. Sure, a lot of smartphones today cost about as much, but remember that $1,100 in the 1990s was nothing to sneeze at. IBM had conceived of the idea for a computer-style phone as early as the '70s, but it wasn’t until 1992 that the company unveiled a prototype at the COMDEX computer and technology trade show in Las Vegas. Besides placing and receiving calls, the Simon prototype could also send facsimiles, emails, and cellular pages. It even had a nifty touchscreen for dialing numbers. Extra features included apps for a calendar, address book, calculator, scheduler, and notepad. IBM also demonstrated that the phone was capable of displaying maps, stocks, news, and other third-party applications, with certain modifications. Tragically, the Simon ended up in the heap pile of being too ahead of its time. Despite all the snazzy features, it was cost-prohibitive for most and was only useful for a very niche clientele. The distributor, BellSouth Cellular, would later 2
  3. reduce the price of the phone to $599 with a two-year contract. And even then, the company only sold about 50,000 units. The company took the product off the market after six months. (Adapted from Question 32: Which could be the best title for the passage? A. Highly sophisticated Brick Phone B. COMDEX Computer and Technology Trade Show C. The Phone and Third-party Applications D. Who Invented Smartphones? Question 33: The phrase “bulky” in paragraph 1 mostly means ___. A. smallB. bigC. simpleD. cheap Question 34: According to the passage, functions in the Simon prototype do not include ___. A. sending facsimilesB. nifty touchscreenC. address bookD. voice control Question 35: The word “It” in paragraph 2 refers to ___. A. the Simon prototypeB. idea C. computer-style phoneD. trade show Question 36: Which of the following is TRUE about BellSouth Cellular’s product as stated in the passage? A. The Simon had too many things to do with the product. B. The product was prohibited by the government. C. It was too expensive and not useful for most of customers at that time. D. The product was not smart enough to attract clientele. Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions Most languages have several levels of vocabulary that may be used by the same speakers. In English, at least three have been identified and described. Standard usage includes those words and expressions understood, used, and accepted by a majority of the speakers of a language in any situation regardless of the level of formality. As such, these words and expressions are well defined and listed in standard dictionaries. Colloquialisms, on the other hand, are familiar words and idioms that are understood by almost all speakers of a language and used in informal speech or writing, but not considered acceptable for more formal situations. Almost all idiomatic expressions are colloquial language. Slang, refers to words and expressions understood by a large number of speakers but not accepted as appropriate formal usage by the majority. Colloquial expressions and even slang may be found in standard dictionaries but will be so identified.Both colloquial usage and slang are more common in speech than writing. Colloquial speech often passes into standard speech. Some slang also passes into standard speech, but other slang expressions enjoy momentary popularity followed by obscurity. In some cases, the majority never accepts certain slang phrases but nevertheless retains them in their collective memories. Every generation seems to require its own set of words to describe familiar objects and events. It has been pointed out by a number of linguists that three cultural conditions are necessary for the creation of a large body of slang expressions. First, the introduction and acceptance of new objects and situations in the society; second, a diverse population with a large number of subgroups; third, association among the subgroups and the majority population. Finally, it is worth noting that the terms "standard", "colloquial", and "slang" exist only as abstract labels for scholars who study language. Only a tiny number of the speakers of any language will be aware that they are using colloquial or slang expressions. Most speakers of English will, during appropriate situations, select and use three types of expressions. Question 37: Which of the following is the main topic of the passage? A. Standard speechB. Different types of vocabulary C. Idiomatic phrasesD. Dictionary usage Question 38: The word "appropriate" in paragraph 2 is closest in meaning to ___. A. oldB. largeC. importantD. correct Question 39: The word "obscurity" in paragraph 3 is closest in meaning to ___. A. toleranceB. influenceC.qualificationD. disappearance Question 40: How is slang defied by the author? A. Words and phrases accepted by the majority of formula usage B. Words or phrases understood by the majority but not found in standard dictionaries C. Words or phrases understood by a large number of speakers but not accepted as formal D. Words or phrases that are understood by a restricted group of speakers. Question 41: Which of the following is TRUE of standard usage? 3
  4. A. It is constantly changing B. It is limited to written language C. It is only understood by the upper classes D. It can be used informal and informal settings. Question 42: The word "them" in paragraph 3 refers to . A. slang phrasesB. wordsC. the majorityD. memories Question 43: It can be inferred from the passage that the author ___. A. does not approve of either slang or colloquial speech in any situation B. approves of slang and colloquial speech in appropriate situation C. approves of colloquial speech in some situations, but not slang D. does not approve of colloquial usage in writing Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions. Question 44: In the past, peasantsin rural areas usually use buffalosto ploughtheir fields A. in B. usually useC. to ploughD. their Question 45: Peacocks are among the most exotic birds in nature; its long tail feathers fan out to reveal a profusion of vivid colors. A. AmongB. most exoticC. itsD. fan out Question 46: I'm proud of my mother's family history, and of what my last name represents in terms of connection to and continuity of that history. A.family historyB. representsC. connectionD. continuity Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions. Question 47: I last saw my aunt three years ago. A. I haven’t seen my aunt for three years.C.It is three years when I will see my aunt. B. I did not see my aunt three years ago.D.During three years, I see my aunt once. Question 48: “I will pay back the money, Gloria.” Said Ivan. A. Ivan apologized to Gloria for borrowing her money. B. Ivan offered to pay Gloria the money back. C. Ivan promised to pay back Gloria’s money. D. Ivan suggested paying back the money to Gloria. Question 49: It is necessary for you to get a visa for Singapore. A. We needn’t get a visa for Singapore.C.We mustn’t get a visa for Singapore. B. We may get a visa for Singapore.D.You should get a visa for Singapore. Mark the letter A, B, C, or Don your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions. Question 50: Her parents are on business. They don’t buy her gifts for Christmas. A. As long as her parents are at home, they will be able to buy her gifts for Christmas. B. She wishes her parents were at home and bought her gifts for Christmas. C. If her parents are at home, they can buy her gifts for Christmas. D. If only her parents had been at home and could have bought her gifts for Christmas. Question 51: Arthur entered the store. Then, he realized that there was danger. A. Not until Arthur entered the store, he realized that there was danger. B. It was not until Arthur entered the store then, he realized that there was danger. C. Only when he entered the store then he realized that there was danger. D. Only after entering the store did Arthur realize that there was danger. THE END 4
  5. ĐỀ ÔN THI THPT QUỐC GIA NĂM 2021 – Số 16 Thời gian làm bài: 60 phút Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from that of the others. Question 52: A.pursuesB.attacksC.absorbsD.maintains Question 53: A. hate B.hallC. gateD. take Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word which is stressed differently from the rest. Question 54: A. allow B.followC. require D.expect Question 55: A.inventionB. quality C. teenager D. industry Question 56: Mark the letter A, B, C or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions. Question 57: They are from France, ___? A. don’t they B. didn’t theyC.weren’t they D. aren’t they Question 58: The roads to our village ___ next year A.builtB.will bebuiltC.willbuildD.is built Question 59: You will need to be thoroughly familiar ___ our procedures. A. for B. withC. by D. to Question 60: ___ the content of carbon dioxide in the air is, the more heat it retains A.HigherB.The higherC.HottestD.The hottest Question 61: John lost the ___ bicycle he bought last week and his parents were very angry with him A. beautiful Japanese blue newB. beautiful new blue Japanese C. new beautiful blue Japanese D. Japanese beautiful new blue Question 62: Richard ___ TV when the phone rang. A.was watching B. is watching C. watched D. watches Question 63: We didn’t go to the zoo yesterday ___ the heavy rain. A. because ofB. in spite of C.although D. because Question 64: I will have studied English for 10 years ___ A.when I graduated from high schoolB.as soon as I graduated from high school C.by the time I graduate from high schoolD.after I had graduated from high school Question 65: ___ trees around the house on the south and west sides, they can save up to about $250 a year on cooling and heating. A. Having plantedB. Being planted C. To plant D.Planted Question 66: Higher education provides students with knowledge, critical thinking and ___ skills. A. analyseB.analyticalC.analyticallyD.analysis Question 67: Those flowers are___ every where is a sign of spring. A. going overB. taking over C. coming outD. breaking out Question 68: Foreign students who are ___a decision about which school to attend may not know exactly where the choices are located A. doingB. makingC. takingD. having Question 69: The ___ of toothpaste are located in the health and beauty section of the supermarket. A. tubesB. pints C. sticksD. quarts Question 70: Our new classmate, John is a bit of a rough ___ but I think I’m going to like him once I get used to him. A. stone B. rock C. diamondD. pearl Question 71: They closed the road in a(n) ___ to reduce traffic in the city. A.needB.attemptC.impactD.demand Mark the letter A, B, C or D to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions. Question 72: President Ho Chi Minh’s Mausoleum was built in September 1973 and completed in August 1975 A. tombB. castle C.buildingD.house Question 73: She was brought up in a well-off family. She can’t understand the problems we are facing. A. wealthyB. kindC. broke D. comfortable 5
  6. Mark the letter A, B, C or D to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions. Question 74: He was charged with speeding and driving recklessly. He caused an accident on the highway A. cautiouslyB. slowlyC. carelesslyD. quickly Question 75: John's decision to drop out of university to go to a vocational school drove his mother up the wall. She thought that it is really a stupid decision. A. made his mother pleasedB.made his mother angry C.made his mother worried D.made his mother ashamed Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the option that best completes each of the following exchanges. Question 76: Yuki and Hana are having a free afternoon. Yuki is inviting Hana to see a new movie with him. - Yuki: “Do you feel like going to the cinema this afternoon?” - Hana: “___” A. I don't agree. I'm afraid.C. I feel very bored. B. You're welcome.D. That would be great. Question 77: Laura and John are talking about swimming. - Laura: “I think swimming helps us keep fit.” - John: “___. It is also a good way to relax.” A. Yes, swimming does, tooC. You must be kidding B. You’re very kind to say soD. There’s no doubt about it Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks Having a relationship with someone is important to people around the world; (26) ___, dating is different from culture to culture. Here are some examples. Group dating is popular among young people in Europe and Australia. Groups as large as 30 people take part in events, such as going camping or having a party. This is seen as a (27) ___ way to spend time together, and to help to (28) ___ tension because people feel more comfortable in the company of friends before deciding whether to go on a one- to-one date. In Singapore, since many young people stay single, the government has tried its best to encourage dating. Dating services are offered to single people. One of them is speed dating, in (29) ___ singles will spend a few minutes talking to one person before moving on to meet the next one. Online dating is a common way of matchmaking in the United States. Internet companies are now offering a service called ‘online dating assistant’ to help busy people to find a partner. An assistant helps customers to build their profiles, selects potential matches, and then sends (30) ___ emails to the possible matches until the two people agree to meet face to face. Question 78: A. although B. and C. however D. despite Question 79: A. safe B. savings C. safely D. save Question 80: A. deteriorate B. ease C. refrain D. escape Question 81: A. when B. that C. which D. whom Question 82: A.everyB.anotherC.eachD.several Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions The first device that technically qualifies as a smartphone was simply a highly sophisticated (for its time) brick phone. You know one of those bulky, but fairly exclusive status-symbol toys flashed in '80s movies like "Wall Street?" The IBM Simon Personal Communicator, released in 1994, was a sleeker, more advanced, and premium brick that sold for $1,100. Sure, a lot of smartphones today cost about as much, but remember that $1,100 in the 1990s was nothing to sneeze at. IBM had conceived of the idea for a computer-style phone as early as the '70s, but it wasn’t until 1992 that the company unveiled a prototype at the COMDEX computer and technology trade show in Las Vegas. Besides placing and receiving calls, the Simon prototype could also send facsimiles, emails, and cellular pages. It even had a nifty touchscreen for dialing numbers. Extra features included apps for a calendar, address book, calculator, scheduler, and notepad. IBM also demonstrated that the phone was capable of displaying maps, stocks, news, and other third-party applications, with certain modifications. Tragically, the Simon ended up in the heap pile of being too ahead of its time. Despite all the snazzy features, it was cost-prohibitive for most and was only useful for a very niche clientele. The distributor, BellSouth Cellular, would later 6
  7. reduce the price of the phone to $599 with a two-year contract. And even then, the company only sold about 50,000 units. The company took the product off the market after six months. (Adapted from Question 83: Which could be the best title for the passage? A. Highly sophisticated Brick Phone B. COMDEX Computer and Technology Trade Show C. The Phone and Third-party Applications D. Who Invented Smartphones? Question 84: The phrase “bulky” in paragraph 1 mostly means ___. A. smallB. bigC. simpleD. cheap Question 85: According to the passage, functions in the Simon prototype do not include ___. A. sending facsimilesB. nifty touchscreenC. address bookD. voice control Question 86: The word “It” in paragraph 2 refers to ___. A. the Simon prototypeB. idea C. computer-style phoneD. trade show Question 87: Which of the following is TRUE about BellSouth Cellular’s product as stated in the passage? A. The Simon had too many things to do with the product. B. The product was prohibited by the government. C. It was too expensive and not useful for most of customers at that time. D. The product was not smart enough to attract clientele. Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions Most languages have several levels of vocabulary that may be used by the same speakers. In English, at least three have been identified and described. Standard usage includes those words and expressions understood, used, and accepted by a majority of the speakers of a language in any situation regardless of the level of formality. As such, these words and expressions are well defined and listed in standard dictionaries. Colloquialisms, on the other hand, are familiar words and idioms that are understood by almost all speakers of a language and used in informal speech or writing, but not considered acceptable for more formal situations. Almost all idiomatic expressions are colloquial language. Slang, refers to words and expressions understood by a large number of speakers but not accepted as appropriate formal usage by the majority. Colloquial expressions and even slang may be found in standard dictionaries but will be so identified.Both colloquial usage and slang are more common in speech than writing. Colloquial speech often passes into standard speech. Some slang also passes into standard speech, but other slang expressions enjoy momentary popularity followed by obscurity. In some cases, the majority never accepts certain slang phrases but nevertheless retains them in their collective memories. Every generation seems to require its own set of words to describe familiar objects and events. It has been pointed out by a number of linguists that three cultural conditions are necessary for the creation of a large body of slang expressions. First, the introduction and acceptance of new objects and situations in the society; second, a diverse population with a large number of subgroups; third, association among the subgroups and the majority population. Finally, it is worth noting that the terms "standard", "colloquial", and "slang" exist only as abstract labels for scholars who study language. Only a tiny number of the speakers of any language will be aware that they are using colloquial or slang expressions. Most speakers of English will, during appropriate situations, select and use three types of expressions. Question 88: Which of the following is the main topic of the passage? A. Standard speechB. Different types of vocabulary C. Idiomatic phrasesD. Dictionary usage Question 89: The word "appropriate" in paragraph 2 is closest in meaning to ___. A. oldB. largeC. importantD. correct Question 90: The word "obscurity" in paragraph 3 is closest in meaning to ___. A. toleranceB. influenceC.qualificationD. disappearance Question 91: How is slang defied by the author? E. Words and phrases accepted by the majority of formula usage F. Words or phrases understood by the majority but not found in standard dictionaries G. Words or phrases understood by a large number of speakers but not accepted as formal H. Words or phrases that are understood by a restricted group of speakers. Question 92: Which of the following is TRUE of standard usage? 7
  8. E. It is constantly changing F. It is limited to written language G. It is only understood by the upper classes H. It can be used informal and informal settings. Question 93: The word "them" in paragraph 3 refers to . A. slang phrasesB. wordsC. the majorityD. memories Question 94: It can be inferred from the passage that the author ___. E. does not approve of either slang or colloquial speech in any situation F. approves of slang and colloquial speech in appropriate situation G. approves of colloquial speech in some situations, but not slang H. does not approve of colloquial usage in writing Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions. Question 95: In the past, peasantsin rural areas usually use buffalosto ploughtheir fields A. in B. usually useC. to ploughD. their Question 96: Peacocks are among the most exotic birds in nature; its long tail feathers fan out to reveal a profusion of vivid colors. B. AmongB. most exoticC. itsD. fan out Question 97: I'm proud of my mother's family history, and of what my last name represents in terms of connection to and continuity of that history. A.family historyB. representsC. connectionD. continuity Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions. Question 98: I last saw my aunt three years ago. C. I haven’t seen my aunt for three years.C.It is three years when I will see my aunt. D. I did not see my aunt three years ago.D.During three years, I see my aunt once. Question 99: “I will pay back the money, Gloria.” Said Ivan. E. Ivan apologized to Gloria for borrowing her money. F. Ivan offered to pay Gloria the money back. G. Ivan promised to pay back Gloria’s money. H. Ivan suggested paying back the money to Gloria. Question 100: It is necessary for you to get a visa for Singapore. C. We needn’t get a visa for Singapore.C.We mustn’t get a visa for Singapore. D. We may get a visa for Singapore.D.You should get a visa for Singapore. Mark the letter A, B, C, or Don your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions. Question 101: Her parents are on business. They don’t buy her gifts for Christmas. E. As long as her parents are at home, they will be able to buy her gifts for Christmas. F. She wishes her parents were at home and bought her gifts for Christmas. G. If her parents are at home, they can buy her gifts for Christmas. H. If only her parents had been at home and could have bought her gifts for Christmas. Question 102: Arthur entered the store. Then, he realized that there was danger. A. Not until Arthur entered the store, he realized that there was danger. B. It was not until Arthur entered the store then, he realized that there was danger. C. Only when he entered the store then he realized that there was danger. D. Only after entering the store did Arthur realize that there was danger. THE END 8