Đề chuẩn minh họa của Bộ giáo dục kỳ thi tốt nghiệp THPT Tiếng Anh 12 Sách Mới - Năm học 2022-2023 - Mã đề 14 (Có đáp án và lời giải chi tiết)

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  1. ĐỀ CHUẨN MINH HỌA SỐ 14 KỲ THI TỐT NGHIỆP TRUNG HỌC PHỔ THễNG NĂM 2023 (Đề thi cú 05 trang) Bài thi: NGOẠI NGỮ; Mụn thi: TIẾNG ANH Thời gian làm bài: 60 phỳt khụng kể thời gian phỏt đề Họ, tờn thớ sinh: Số bỏo danh: Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions. Question 1. A. grammar B. damage C. mammal D. drama Question 2. A. switch B. stomach C. match D. catch Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of the primary stress in each of the following questions. Question 3. A. nervous B. active C. patient D. aware Question 4. A. candidate B. holiday C. experience D. tourism Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions. Question 5. Tommy is on the way to his friend's birthday party, carrying a gift box ___ colourful paper. A. were wrapped B. having wrapped C. wrapped D. wrapping Question 6. Monkeys are___learners than elephants. A. faster B. very fast C. more faster D. more fast Question 7. Richard will look for a job ___. A. after he had passed his examsB. before he passed his exams C. while he was passing his exams D. as soon as he passes his exams Question 8. His choice of future career is quite similar___mine. A. at B. with C. for D. to Question 9. Your sister seldom cooks meals,___? A. did she B. didn’t she C. does she D. doesn’t she Question 10. My brother has been playing piano since he was a small child. A. the B. a C. no article D. an Question 11. Due to lacking ___, they couldn’t open a new shop as scheduled. A. interest rates B. expenses C. shares D. funds Question 12. He’s a widower who ___ three children. A. takes afterB. makes off C. cuts down D. brings up Question 13. Tom hopes ___ a solution soon. A. to find B. finding C. find D. found Question 14. He’s really got the bit between his ___ so that he can pass the exam with flying colours. A. neckB. eyes C. teethD. hands Question 15. When I returned from work, my dad ___ with his childhood friends. A. have playedB. was playing C. will be playingD. is playing Question 16. He ___ sorry and we became friends again. Liờn hệ số O988-166-193 để mua bộ đề A. paidB. called C. talkedD. said Question 17: The river ___ with toxic waste from local factories for a long time. A. pollutes B. has been polluted C. are being polluted D. is polluting Question 18. You should ask for Henry’s advice; he is very ___ about gardening. A. knowB. knowledge C. knowledgeableD. knowledgeably Question 19: They haven't found a cure for the disease yet, but they are on the ___ track. Page 1
  2. A. right B. exact C. correct D. precise Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best completes each of the following exchanges. Liờn hệ số O988-166-193 để mua bộ đề Question 20: Mary is talking to Linda over the phone. Liờn hệ số O988-166-193 để mua bộ đề - Mary: "Thank you for helping me prepare for the party." - Linda: " ___ " A. My pleasure B. The meal was out of this world C. I'm afraid not D. Of course not Question 21: Tom and Susan are talking about their plan to help disadvantaged children. Tom: "Why don't we send them some textbooks and warm clothes?" Susan: " ___ " A. No, they are not available. B. You should agree with us. C. Great idea! What meaningful gifts! D. I'm sorry to hear that. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined bold word(s) in each of the following questions. Liờn hệ số O988-166-193 để mua bộ đề Question 22. Hieu is writing an email to apply for the position of Sales Director. A. situation B. job C. fund D. partner Question 23. Taking a year out to travel can broaden your experience and teach you new skills. A. limit B. produce C. interest D. increase Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions. Question 24. It’s very difficult to talk to our new classmate; she’s such a cold fish. A. a pleasant person B. a person who is allergic to fish C. a person who enjoy eating fish D. an unfriendly person Question 25. The company should allow flexible working hours so that its employees can avoid traffic congestion. A. careful B. dangerous C. fixed D. changeable Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions. Question 26. It’s not a good idea for us to swim in this lake. A. We can swim in this lake. B. We must swim in this lake. C. We shouldn’t swim in this lake. D. We wouldn’t swim in this lake. Question 27. He began to drive a motorbike last year. A. He hasn’t driven a motorbike since last year. B. He used to drive a motorbike last year. C. He got used to driving a motorbike last year. D. He has driven a motorbike since last year. Question 28: "Did you pay for the tickets, Laura?", Peter asked. A. Peter asked Laura if she paid for the tickets. B. Peter asked Laura if she had paid for the tickets. C. Peter asked Laura if she was paid for the tickets. D. Peter asked Laura if she would pay for the tickets. Liờn hệ số O988-166-193 để mua bộ đề Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions. Question 29. Some animals are in danger of extinction as humans are hunting it for meat. A B C D Question 30. There is a heavy storm hitting our village last Sunday evening. A B C D Question 31. It is not advisory to make travel arrangements during this time when the Covid-19 Page 2
  3. A B pandemic is still spreading at an unprecedented rate. C D Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions. Question 32: I filled my glass. Then I noticed that it was broken. A. No sooner had I noticed that my glass was broken than I filled it. B. Not until I filled my glass did I notice that it was broken. C. Only when I filled my glass had I noticed that it was broken. D. Hardly had I filled my glass then I noticed that it was broken. Question 33: They cannot continue the work. They are too tired. A. If they are not too tired, they can continue the work. B. If they hadn't been too tired, they could continue the work. C. If they hadn't been too tired, they could have continued the work. D. If they were not too tired, they could continue the work. Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to choose the word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks from 34 to 38. WHAT IS HAPPINESS? Liờn hệ số O988-166-193 để mua bộ đề People have been asking this question for centuries, but only recently have scientists and psychologists joined the debate. Apparently, our genes play a big part in how happy we feel. And while money and material possessions can (34) ___ our spirits for a short time, it seems the real key to happiness is life experiences. Buying new clothes or the latest electronic device may make us feel on top of the world for a short time, but after a while, the feeling starts to fade. We get used to seeing our (35) ___ and our happiness loses its shine. What's more, we tend to compare ourselves to (36) ___ and if we see someone with a better or newer version of what we've bought, it can leave us down in the dumps. Life experiences, on the other hand, are more satisfying and bring more lasting happiness. Apart from the enjoyment of the actual experience, they give us memories (37) ___ we keep our whole lifetime. Life experiences bring us closer to people, too. (38) ___ the next time you're tempted to spend money on material possessions, try saving the cash for a life experience instead. As you look back on your life, you'll be grateful. (Adapted from Gateway by David Spencer and Gill Hooley) Question 34. A. climb B. increase C. lift D. soar Question 35. A. backgrounds B. possessions C. abilities D. emotions Question 36. A. others B. each C. a little D. almost Question 37. A. where B. what C. whose D. that Question 38. A. So B. But C. Therefore D. Furthermore Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 39 to 42. Liờn hệ số O988-166-193 để mua bộ đề Many universities around the world are proud to have long histories and strong traditions. However, very few universities can claim to be among the oldest in the world. Nalanda University, in Bihar, India, was established around 600 BC. It was most likely the world's first university. In the past, scholars came from Europe, China, and all over India to learn about science, medicine, the Buddhist religion, and other subjects. The university is in ruins now, but at one time it was an impressive school with temples, classrooms, libraries, and dormitories. According to the Guinness Book of World Records, the University of AI-Karaouine in Fes, Morocco, is the oldest surviving university in the world. It was probably founded in 859 and became a famous place to study natural sciences. The first university in Europe is definitely the University of Bologna, in Italy. It was one of the few universities in Europe that were not influenced Page 3
  4. by religion. Professors were forbidden from teaching outside the university, and so students came from all over Europe to study with its famous teachers. (Adapted from Active Skills for Reading by Neil J Anderson) Question 39. What does the passage mainly discuss? A. Students at the most famous universities B. The world’s oldest universities C. Subjects that are taught at universities D. Foreign students at ancient universities Question 40. The word it in paragraph 2 refers to ___. A. religion B. medicine D. science D. university Question 41. According to paragraph 2, Nalanda University ___. A. was the first university in the world B. only taught science subjects C. was destroyed D. invited scholars from different countries to teach Question 42. The word founded in paragraph 3 is closest in meaning to ___. A. damaged B. created C. recovered D. renamed Question 43. Which of the following is NOT true, according to the passage? A. The University of AI-Karaouine still exists in the modern world. B. Teachers at Bologna University weren’t allowed to teach outside. C. Natural science subjects aren’t taught at the University of AI-Karaouine. D. Students could learn religion at the University of Nalanda. Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 44 to 50. Los Angeles dancer, Brian Perez, was eating out with his friends one evening when suddenly everyone went quiet. To his horror, he saw that the reason for this was that people were checking their phones. Realising he had to do something to stop this, Brian made a rather daring suggestion. What if they all put their gadgets in a pile in the middle of the table until they had finished the meal? If anyone picked up their phone, that person would have to pay the whole bill. And so, it is said, the game of 'phone stacking' was bom. Liờn hệ số O988-166-193 để mua bộ đề The necessity for action like this highlights a major problem in today's society: our inability to disconnect from technology. But while Brian's idea deals with the obsession in a social context, measures also need to be taken at home. Some people drop their smartphones into a box the moment they arrive home, which gives them the chance to interact with the people they live with. The fact that the phone cannot be heard - it is on silent - nor seen - the flashing lights are hidden by the box - means that they are no longer tempted to use it. A less drastic solution is to ban electronic devices at certain times of day when the whole family is likely to be together, for example at meal times. This can be hard for everyone, from teenagers desperate to text friends to parents unable to switch off from work. On a normal day, however, dinner takes less than an hour, and the benefits of exchanging opinions and anecdotes with the rest of the family certainly makes up for the time spent offline. Liờn hệ số O988-166-193 để mua bộ đề Taking a break from technology is one thing, but knowing when to turn off a device is another. Time seems to stand still in the virtual world, and before you know it, you find that it is three o'clock in the morning. This is where a digital curfew comes in handy, a set time when all devices must be put away. Evenings without technology are usually nice and peaceful and make a more agreeable end to the day. And then it's time for bed. One of the best ways of ensuring you can sleep at night is to ban electronic devices altogether from the bedroom. Lying next to a machine bursting with information is far from relaxing, and the sounds it emits during the night can easily wake you up. With technology out of the room, a line has been drawn between daytime and sleep time, which enables us to switch off ourselves and drift off to sleep. Page 4
  5. (Adapted from Solutions 3rd Edition by Tim Falla and Paul A Davies) Question 44. Which best serves as the title for the passage? A. Too Much Dependence on Technology: Time for Change! B. Getting Rid of Your Mobiles: For Better or Worse? C. Shocking News: Technology Shapes Our Mind! D. Addiction to Technology: Storm in a Teacup Question 45. According to paragraph 1, Brian Perez was shocked to find that ___. A. people were willing to remove all their gadgets B. the prices for food were too expensive C. people were glued to their phonesLiờn hệ số O988-166-193 để mua bộ đề D. everyone seemed quiet by nature Question 46. The word highlights in paragraph 2 is closest in meaning to ___. A. tackles B. expects C. proposes D. emphasizes Question 47. The word it in paragraph 2 refers to ___. A. fact B. phone C. light D. box Question 48. The word drastic in paragraph 3 can be best replaced by ___. A. simple B. effective C. important D. severe Question 49. Which of the following statements is true, according to the passage? A. People choose not to use their phones at home so that they can talk to other members. B. Meal times are the most suitable for the whole family to use phones together. C. Teenagers can find it easier to turn off their phones compared to their parents. D. Brian’s idea is not new in terms of making people less dependent on technology. Question 50. Which of the following can be inferred from the passage? A. Having a conversation at dinner definitely strengthens the bonds among family members. B. Using electronic gadgets at bedtime is likely to deprive yourself of having a good sleep. C. People are more pleasant to talk with when they use technology in the evenings. D. The line between daytime and sleep time has become increasingly blurred. THE END KEY CHI TIẾT ĐỀ 14 Question 1. Đỏp ỏn DLiờn hệ số O988-166-193 để mua bộ đề Giải thớch: drama phỏt õm là /ɑː/, cũn lại phỏt õm là /ổ/. A. grammar /ˈɡrổmə(r)/B. damage /ˈdổmɪdʒ/ C. mammal /ˈmổml/D. drama /ˈdrɑːmə/ Question 2. Đỏp ỏn B Giải thớch: stomach phỏt õm là /k/, cũn lại phỏt õm là /tʃ/. A. switch /swɪtʃ/B. stomach /ˈstʌmək/C. match /mổtʃ/D. catch /kổtʃ/ Question 3: Đỏp ỏn D Giải thớch: A. nervous /ˈnɜː.vəs/ (adj): lo lắng B. active /ˈổk.tɪv/ (adj): tớch cực C. patient /ˈpeɪ.ʃənt/ (adj): kiờn nhẫn D. aware /əˈweər/ (adj): cú nhận thức Đỏp ỏn D cú trọng õm rơi vào õm tiết thứ 2, cỏc đỏp ỏn cũn lại trọng õm rơi vào õm tiết thứ nhất. Question 4: Đỏp ỏn C Giải thớch: A. candidate /ˈkổn.dɪ.dət/ (n): ứng cử viờn Page 5
  6. B. holiday /ˈhɒl.ə.deɪ/ (n): kỳ nghỉ C. experience /ɪkˈspɪə.ri.əns/ (n): kinh nghiệm, trải nghiệm D. tourism /ˈtʊə.rɪ.zəm/ (n): ngành du lịch Đỏp ỏn C cú trọng õm rơi vào õm tiết thứ 2, cỏc đỏp ỏn cũn lại trọng õm rơi vào õm tiết thứ nhất. → Chọn đỏp ỏn C Question 5: Đỏp ỏn CLiờn hệ số O988-166-193 để mua bộ đề Kiến thức: Mệnh đề phõn từ Giải chi tiết: Rỳt gọn mệnh đề quan hệ dạng bị động: bỏ đại từ quan hệ, bỏ tobe, giữ lại V_PII. Dạng đầy đủ: Tommy is on the way to his friend's birthday party, carrying a gift box which/that is wrapped colourful paper. Dạng rỳt gọn: Tommy is on the way to his friend's birthday party, carrying a gift box wrapped colourful paper. Tạm dịch: Tommy đang trờn đường đến bữa tiệc sinh nhật của bạn mỡnh, mang theo một hộp quà được gúi bằng giấy sặc sỡ. Question 6: Đỏp ỏn A Dịch nghĩa: Khỉ là người học nhanh hơn voi. Giải thớch: - Căn cứ vào “than” => so sỏnh hơn - Cụng thức của so sỏnh hơn: + Với tớnh từ ngắn: S1 + V + adj(er)/adv(er) + than + S2 + Với tớnh từ dài: S1 + V+ more +adj/adv + than + S2 Question 7: Đỏp ỏn D Kiến thức về mệnh đề trạng ngữ chỉ thời gian * Ta cú mệnh đề: Richard will look for a job: chia thỡ tương lai đơn nờn mệnh đề chỉ thời gian phải ở thỡ hiện tại đơn Question 8: Đỏp ỏn D Dịch nghĩa: Sự lựa chọn nghề nghiệp tương lai của anh ấy khỏ giống với tụi. * Căn cứ vào cấu trỳc: - similar to: giống, tương tự. Question 9: Đỏp ỏn C - Mệnh đề đầu ở thỡ hiện tại đơn nờn phần hỏi đuụi cũng ở thỡ hiện tại đơn => loại A, B - Mệnh đề đầu cú trạng từ tần suất “seldom” mang nghĩa phủ định nờn phần hỏi đuụi dựng khẳng định Dịch: Chị bạn hiếm khi nấu ăn, cú phải khụng? Question 10: Đỏp ỏn A Kiến thức: Mạo từ Giải thớch: Quy tắc: the + tờn nhạc cụ (vớ dụ: the violin, the guitar) Tạm dịch: Anh trai tụi đó chơi piano từ khi cũn nhỏ. Question 11: Đỏp ỏn D . interest rates: lói suất B. expenses: chi tiờu, phớ tổn C. shares: cổ phần D. funds: quỹ, ngõn quỹ, vốn - funds: money available/ needed to spend on sth: vốn Dịch: Vỡ thiếu vốn nờn họ khụng thể mở được cửa hiệu mới như lịch trỡnh. Question 12: Đỏp ỏn DLiờn hệ số O988-166-193 để mua bộ đề Kiến thức phrasal verb: - take after: giống - make off: rời đi vội vó, thường là khi đang cố gắng trốn thoỏt - cut down: cắt giảm - bring up: nuụi nấng Page 6
  7. Tạm dịch: Anh ấy là một người đàn ụng gúa vợ nuụi dưỡng ba đứa con. Question 13: Đỏp ỏn ALiờn hệ số O988-166-193 để mua bộ đề Kiến thức về hỡnh thức động từ: sau “hope” sử dụng động từ To-infinitive Question 14: Đỏp ỏn C- Thành ngữ Cấu trỳc: Get the bit between one’s teeth: kiờn quyết, quyết tõm làm gỡ Tạm dịch: Anh ấy đó cực kỳ quyết tõm để cú thể vượt qua kỳ thi với điểm số cao. Question 15: Đỏp ỏn B Hũa hợp thỡ: Dựng thỡ quỏ khứ tiếp diễn để diễn tả hành động đang xảy ra vào một thời điểm trong quỏ khứ thỡ cú hành động khỏc xen vào. Tạm dịch: Khi tụi đi làm về, bố tụi đang chơi với những người bạn thời thơ ấu của ụng. Page 7